Dodge's Manual in 1908 documented the reintroduction of "love and kisses" as the number 88.
Gajadhar and Green comment that both Morse code abbreviations are more succinct than modern abbreviations such as LOL.
In web forums, instant messengers and online games, text emoticons are often automatically replaced with small corresponding images, which came to be called "emoticons" as well.
Emoticons for a smiley face appear in the first documented use in digital form.
Four vertical typographical emoticons were published in 1881 by the U. satirical magazine Puck, with the stated intention that the publication's letterpress department thus intended to "lay out ...
all the cartoonists that ever walked." In 1912, Ambrose Bierce proposed "an improvement in punctuation – the snigger point, or note of cachinnation: it is written thus ‿ and presents a smiling mouth.
Actually, it is probably more economical to mark things that are NOT jokes, given current trends.
For this, use :-( The most basic emoticons are relatively consistent in form, but each of them can be transformed by being rotated (making them tiny ambigrams), with or without a hyphen (nose).For example, WOBTAX and VICTORY both produced convincing smiley faces (where the overprinted characters produced the solid background, and pixels untouched by any of the characters produced the actual design).This developed into a sophisticated set, particularly in combination with superscript and subscript.It is to be appended, with the full stop, to every jocular or ironical sentence".although there seems to have been a lapse in cultural continuity between the communities.There are also some possible variations to emoticons to get new definitions, like changing a character to express a new feeling, or slightly change the mood of the emoticon.