The gold cross on a monde (globe) surmounting the tiara symbolises the sovereignty of Jesus.There are three levels of clergy, the episcopate, composed of bishops who hold jurisdiction over a geographic area called a diocese or eparchy; the presbyterate, composed of priests ordained by bishops and who work in local diocese or religious orders; and the diaconate, composed of deacons who assist bishops and priests in a variety of ministerial roles.In its own field it gives force to civil law only by specific enactment in matters such as the guardianship of minors.
While the famous Saint Peter's Basilica is located in Vatican City, above the traditional site of Saint Peter's tomb, the papal cathedral for the Diocese of Rome is Saint John Lateran, located within the city of Rome, though enjoying extraterritorial privileges accredited to the Holy See.The position of cardinal is a rank of honour bestowed by popes on certain clergy, such as leaders within the Roman Curia, bishops serving in major cities and distinguished theologians.100% Free Dating Sites and Division by Zero: For simplicity, we arbitrarily set the people/dollar value of 100% free dating sites to the total number of people/month (since that is the most people you will get out of the site regardless of how little you pay). The birth of this site was fueled primarily by red wine, single malt scotch, loud music and copious amounts of caffeine.Mathematicians may argue that the value should be “infinite” (and they would probably be right). By the time we realized the sheer “groanerosity” of that particular pun, it was too late.The Catholic Church has influenced Western philosophy, culture, science, and art.
The Catholic Church shared communion with the Eastern Orthodox Church until the East–West Schism in 1054, disputing particularly the authority of the Pope, as well as with the Oriental Orthodox churches prior to the Chalcedonian schism in 451 over differences in Christology.
While the "Roman Church" has been used to describe the pope's Diocese of Rome since the Fall of the Western Roman Empire and into the Early Middle Ages (6th-10th century), the "Roman Catholic Church" has been applied to the whole church in English language since the Protestant Reformation in the late 16th century.
The name "Catholic Church" for the whole church is used in the 1990 Catechism of the Catholic Church, the 1983 Code of Canon Law, the documents of the 1962-65 Second Vatican Council, and numerous other official documents.
It is as head of the Holy See, not as head of Vatican City State, that the pope receives ambassadors of states and sends them his own diplomatic representatives.
The Holy See also confers orders, decorations and medals, such as the orders of chivalry in the Middle Ages.
Its teaching includes sanctification through faith and evangelisation of the Gospel and Catholic social teaching, which emphasises support for the sick, the poor, and the afflicted through the corporal and spiritual works of mercy.