This scholarly Brother lived to the age of seventy-four years. and the secrets only to be communicated in presence of those who have taken the step in a Lodge entitled to grant it.
He discovered the Secretary's ledger of Saint John's Lodge dating from June 24, 1731, to June, 1738 (see Transactionz, Quatuor Coronati Lodge, volume iii, page 134). The oldest preserved records date from the year 1769, and there is no lack of evidence as to the observance of the custom in Speculative Lodges during that century and later either in separate Lodges or under the wing of the Royal Arch.
Du Cange, Slossarzum, defines Macio, Mario, or Machio, on the authority of Isidore, as Maon, latomus, a mason, a constructor of walls, from machina, the machines on which they stood to work on account of the height of the walls. His favorite pen name was Cryptonymus, a Latin word meaning One whose name is hidden. The Mark continued to be worked in England as an unauthorized ceremony until the year 1856, when the Mark Grand Lodge was founded and has proved a conspicuous success, having ultimately secured the support of all the ' time immemorial ' and other Lodges in the country, besides having warranted several hundreds of Lodges to work the Degree in England and the Colonies and dependencies of the British Crown.
Delaunay, in his Thuileur, 1813, makes him King of Tyre, calls him Mahakah, and adds a Latin word, Compressus, as further explanation, the meaning evidently being to bring together. The working tools are the Mallet and Indenting Chisel, which see. The Mark Master's Degree is now given in England under the authority of the Grand Lodge of Mark Masters, which was established in June, 1856 and is a Jurisdiction independent of the Grand Lodge.
Masonic writers have generally given to this word the meaning of "is smitten," deriving it probably from the Hebrew verb macha, to smite. The officers are the same as in America, with the addition of a Chaplain, Director of Ceremonies, Assistant Director, Registrar of Marks, Inner Guard or Time Keeper, and two Stewards. Brother Hughan says that the Degree is virtually the same in England, Scotland, and Ireland.
In 1851 he was a founder member of Landmark Lodge No. During the winter of 1841-2 he was advanced and exalted in Capitular Freemasonry; elected High Priest in December, 1844; and also elected Deputy Grand High Priest in 1848 and successively re-selected until 1855. As late as the year 1689 the wages of Freemasons were prescribed by law at one shilling and four pence a day. In fact, it was really the passing of restrictive laws commencing say, about 1356, that led to the present speculative institution, and Masonic scholars of eminence assign the year 1424 as the cessation of English Freemasonry as a strictly operative association (from Tyler Keystone, Michigan, December, 1914) .
From 1855 to 1867 he was each year elected as Grand High Priest of his State. In the Mark Degree there is a certain stone which is said, in the instructions, not to have upon it the regular mark of the Craft.From 1834, when he was graduated with honors at the Charleston Medical College, until 1854 he gave attention to the practice of his profession, but from that time on literary and Masonic labors engrossed his efforts. This ridiculously low wage scale seems to have been the work of the early American Titualists.Doctor Mackey was a Union adherent during the Civil War and in July, 1865, President Johnson appointed him Collector of the Port. Doctor Mackey was Initiated, Passed and Raised in Saint Andrews Lodge No. Shortly thereafter he affiliated with Solomon's Lodge No. I have in my possession two old English rituals, of Mark Man and Mark Mason, in both of which there is a specification of wages.Brother Mackey was disposed to attribute the introduction of the word into Freemasonry to the adherents of the House of Stuart, who sought in every way to make the Institution of Freemasonry a political instrument in their schemes for the restoration of their exiled monarch. The Degree of Mark Man was worked down to within fifty years ago by various Craft lodges, and given to Fellow Crafts.Thus the old phrase, "the Widow's Son," was applied by them to James II, who was the son of Henrietta Maria, the widow of Charles I. The Degree of Mark Master was conferred as a separate Degree in the same way as the Royal Arch, and was expressly cut off by the Grand Lodge of Scotland, about 1800, in the same way that the Royal Arch and the Temple were cut off.Then followed The A11iman Rezon of South Carolina, 1852; Principles of Masonic Laun, 1856; Book of tile Chapter, 1858; Text-Book of Masonic Jurisprudence; 1859; History of freemasonry in South Carolina, 1861, Manual of the Lodge, 1869; Cryptic Masonry, 1877; Symbolism of Freemasonry, and Masonic Ritual, 1869; Encyclopedia of Freemasonry, 1874; and Masonic Parliamentary Law, 1875. In Ireland there are no definite rules, and the Marks are accepted just as they are sent in.