Careful handling and cleaning of medical instruments and disposal of needles in a special puncture resistant containers are essential.
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The precaution techniques are used minimize the possibility of an infectious condition being transmitted to a health care worker.
Possible infections include HIV and Hepatitis B, as well as other pathogens.
Precautions and techniques that help ensure the safety of health care workers from the transmission of infectious conditions include barrier precautions, hand washing and the careful handling and disposal of sharp medical instruments.
The use of protective barriers is a very important aspect of universal precautions.This was followed in 1991 by the publication of universal standards of health and safety by the Occupational Safety and Heath Administration, or OSHA.The regulations and procedures are updated as often as the CDC and OSHA feel necessary to further safeguard health field and laboratory workers.These barriers, called personal protective equipment, include wearing the following items.Wearing these items protects the workers and reduces their risk to possible exposure of their skin and mucus membranes from infectious conditions.Universal precautions also instruct individuals to wash their hands immediately after removing their gloves.