Merovingian coins minted in Maastricht have been found in many places throughout Europe.
In the 10th century Maastricht briefly became the capital of the duchy of Lower Lorraine.
Neanderthal remains have been found to the west of Maastricht (Belvédère excavations).
From top to bottom, left to right: Meuse river in winter · Town Hall by night · sidewalk cafés at Onze Lieve Vrouweplein · Saint Servatius Bridge · Our Lady, Star of the Sea chapel · St. Servatius' churches at Vrijthof square · View from Mount Saint Peter) is a city and a municipality in the southeast of the Netherlands.It is the capital and largest city of the province of Limburg.In the 16th century it became a garrison town and in the 19th century an early industrial city.Maastricht has 1677 national heritage buildings (Rijksmonumenten), the second highest number in the Netherlands, after Amsterdam.The city's two main churches were largely rebuilt and redecorated.
Maastricht Romanesque stone sculpture is regarded as one of the highlights of Mosan art.In the early Middle Ages Maastricht was part of the heartland of the Carolingian Empire along with Aachen and the area around Liège.The town was an important centre for trade and manufacturing.According to Gregory of Tours it was bishop Monulph who, around 570, built the first stone church on the grave of Servatius, the present-day Basilica of Saint Servatius.The city remained an early Christian diocese until it lost this position to nearby Liège in the early 8th century.In 1275, the old Roman bridge collapsed under the weight of a large procession, killing 400 people; a replacement, the Sint Servaasbrug, was built to the north from 1280 to 1298, funded by church indulgences.