Lerner and Joseph Chartkoff Review of "Archaeological Investigations at the Breakfast Canyon Rockshelters, Death Valley National Monument, Inyo County, California: Shoshone Food Storage and Horticulture in the Southwestern Great Basin," by Robert M. Explaining Prehistoric Variation in the Abundance of Large Prey: A Zooarchaeological Analysis of Deer and Rabbit Hunting along the Pecho Coast of Central California. The Coleville and Bodie Hills NRCS Soil Inventory, Walker and Bridgeport, California: A Reevaluation of the Bodie Hills Obsidian Source (CA-MNO-4527) and Its Spatial and Chronological Use. Review of "Rock Camp Site: Archaeological Excavation of an Indian Campsite near Lake Arrowhead, San Bernardino Mountains," by Ruth Dee Simpson, Gerald A. Fredrickson; and "Archaeological Investigations on Pilot Ridge, Six Rivers National Forest," "Archaeological Investigations on South Fork Mountain, Six Rivers and Shasta-Trinity National Forests," and "Archaeological Investigations on Pilot Ridge: Results of the 1984 Field Season," by William R.
Review of "Analyses of South-Central Californian Shell Artifacts: Studies from Santa Cruz, Monterey, San Luis Obsipo, and Santa Barbara Counties," edited by Gary S. Review of "The Archaeology of Two Northern California Sites: Excavations at the Patrick Site (4-Butte-1)," by Joseph Chartkoff and Kerry Chartkoff, and "The Archaeology of the Hackney Site, Mariposa County, California," by Delmer E.
nuclear ribosomal material); sometimes they have changed because different portions of the genome have been studied. I have chosen here to broadly define Cupressus, and to reduce Hesperocyparis, Callitropsis and Xanthocyparis to synonymy, for two principal reasons.
The Cupressus Conservation Project provides a wealth of information on old and New World Cupressus, including a taxonomic review, historical accounts, cone photographs, and various other pertinent information.
Relationships and nomenclatural status of the Nootka cypress (Callitropsis nootkatensis, Cupressaceae).
Variation in seeds and ovulate cones of some species and varieties of Cupressus.
courtesy of the Cupressus Conservation Project website.
Cladogram of Cupressus, Xanthocyparis and Juniperus, redrawn from Figure 5 of Little (2006). Breaking apart Cupressus makes about as much sense as breaking apart Juniperus, or any other large conifer genus for that matter. stephensonii: namely, that all of these taxa appear to represent a species complex rooted in northwest Mexico, an area which has not been adequately studied. (eds) The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening 1: 781-783.
The original analysis included taxa representing all sections of Juniperus, all described taxa of the other genera, and other less-closely-related genera. It could be done, but it would be inconsistent with the existing norms for distinguishing between genera within the Cupressaceae. A very similar problem applies to the Himalayan taxa, an area where many species have been described but much analysis remains to be done. Branchlets terete or quadrangular, in decussate arrays in most species; flattened (comblike), superficially resembling Chamaecyparis or Thuja in others.
Conversely, the more narrow species concept was early advocated by Wolf (1948) in his monograph on the New World cypresses and was later supported by Rushforth (1987) and, for the California species, by Lanner (1999). , Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, Sonora? nootkatensis seems to be the leader, at 416 cm dbh and 61 m tall. gigantea may be comparably large; the data are vague and unreliable but of several published estimates, the smallest place it at 480 cm dbh and 46 m tall. macrocarpa is also quite impressive at 476 cm dbh and 31.1 m tall. cashmeriana; is said to attain 95m in height, and a 61m tall specimen is known. dupreziana is said to get to 380 cm dbh and 22 m tall, which is quite impressive for such a rare taxon (the last census found 233 living specimens). nootkatensis has been accurately dated to at least 1834 years old, and there is a radiocarbon age of 2200 years for a specimen of C. Several species have proven useful in climate reconstruction, archeological dating, and ecological studies. funebris have been cultivated for ornament for several thousand years in the Mediterranean region and S China respectively, and the highly decorative weeping C.
A more recent analysis using morphological, chemical and multiple lines of molecular/genetic data (Little 2006) also judged that many of the isolated populations are sufficiently distinct to be regarded as discrete species. arizonica in recent treatments (Eckenwalder 1993, Farjon 2005) all may warrant species rank, or more particularly, may be more closely related to other species (such as C. I have seen photos that appear to give it diameters at or close to 300 cm. The remaining species are less than 300 cm dbh, in other words, some of them are still quite impressive, especially considering their affinity for relatively hostile habitats such as deserts and high mountains. The genus appears to be less intractable than most of the Cupressaceae with regard to such problems as poor ring boundaries, false rings, and poor circuit uniformity. Several species are of horticultural importance; fastigiate forms of C. cashmeriana has been tended for many centuries around Buddhist temples in Sikkim, Bhutan, Assam and nearby areas of Tibet and India.
Plant Systematics and Evolution DOI: 10.1007/s00606-012-0696-3.
Phylogenetic relationships among the New World cypresses (Hesperocyparis; Cupressaceae): evidence from noncoding chloroplast DNA sequences.
Review of "Archaeological Study of CA-VEN-110, California," by Roberta S. [In Exploring Methods of Faunal Analysis: Perspectives from California Archaeology, edited by Michael A. Review of "Archaeological Investigations at Cantil, Fremont Valley, Western Mojave Desert, California" and "Archaeological Studies in the Goose Lake Area, Southern San Joaquin Valley, California," edited by Mark Q. Fredrickson, Al Mohr, Claude Warren, Jim Bennyhoff and Paul Schumacher Recovery, Synthesis, and Reporting: 1990s Anza-Borrego Desert State Park Cultural Resources Inventory Conducted by the Archaeological Research Unit, University of California, Riverside [California State Parks]. In Archaeological Investigations, PGT-PG&E Pipeline Expansion Project, Idaho, Washington, Oregon, and California, Volume V: Technical Studies, by Robert U.