Finally, this theory recognizes that just because something has been learned, it does not mean that it will result in a change in behavior."Learning would be exceedingly laborious, not to mention hazardous, if people had to rely solely on the effects of their own actions to inform them what to do," Bandura explained in his 1977 book . In one of the best-known experiments in the history of psychology, Bandura demonstrated that children learn and imitate behaviors they have observed in other people.
But sometimes we are able to learn things even though that learning might not be immediately obvious.While behaviorists believed that learning led to a permanent change in behavior, observational learning demonstrates that people can learn new information without demonstrating new behaviors.Learning is a remarkably complex process that is influenced by a wide variety of factors.As most parents are probably very much aware, observation can play a critical role in determining how and what children learn.It is also important to note that not all observed behaviors are effectively learned. Factors involving both the model and the learner can play a role in whether social learning is successful.
Certain requirements and steps must also be followed.As the saying goes, kids are very much like sponges, soaking up the experiences they have each and every day.Because learning is so complex, there are many different psychological theories to explain how and why people learn.As you can imagine, it is this type of observational learning that has become a lightning rod for controversy as parents and psychologists debate the impact that pop culture media has on kids.Many worry that kids can learn bad behaviors such as aggression from violent video games, movies, television programs, and online videos.2. Just observing someone else's actions is not always enough to lead to learning.While Bandura's theory is also rooted in many of the basic concepts of traditional learning theory, he believed that direct reinforcement could not account for all types of learning.