The charter went into effect in 2006, granting amnesty to and preventing investigation into the conduct of the National Popular Army, the security forces, state-sponsored armed groups, and persons who fought on behalf of the government during episodes of civil strife in the 1990s.On February 2, the government added two additional provisions to the charter.On June 2, a mentally disabled man, Nouradine Nadri, died in police custody in Saida province, according to the Algerian League for the Defense of Human Rights' (LADDH) Saida province office.
The amnesty also covered certain persons involved in Islamist militant and terrorist activities.
Persons implicated in mass killings, rapes, or bomb attacks in public places were not eligible for amnesty.
While the state of emergency law implemented in 1992 remained in effect during the year, the government concentrated its enforcement on the provisions restricting assembly and association. Principal human rights problems included restrictions on freedom of assembly and association, which significantly impaired political party activities and limited citizens' ability to change the government peacefully through elections. Failures to account for persons who disappeared in the 1990s and to address the demands of victims' families remained problematic.
There were reports of official impunity, overuse of pretrial detention, poor prison conditions, abuse of prisoners, and lack of judicial independence.
Information on terrorism-related violence in the country was difficult to verify independently.
The Ministry of Interior sporadically released information concerning the total number of terrorist, civilian, and security force deaths.
These numbers represent a decrease from the 804 deaths reported in 2009.
Most terrorist attacks during the year were attributed to the terrorist group al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), which emerged in 2007 after the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat allied itself with al-Qaida in 2006. For example, on April 4, a terrorist attack killed seven communal guards in the eastern province of Bejaia.
In previous years the government attributed 10,000 disappearances to terrorist kidnappings and murder.
NGOs reported that security forces in the past played a role in the disappearances of approximately 8,000 persons.
Many of the disappearances in the 1990s were in later years attributed to the security forces; however, the government did not prosecute security force personnel, and there was no evidence that the government investigated cases it acknowledged security forces caused.